Brief information about Dushanbe
In 2001, Dushanbe was proclaimed the «City of Peace» and in 2009 — the capital of the Center of Islamic culture by the United Nations.
The population of the city by 1 January 2012 was 747,6 thousand people.
Dushanbe is a beautiful and very green city, almost entirely man-made in a foothill zone. While you are stepping into the city, you will be immediately imbued with the atmosphere of warmth, hospitality and friendliness, and truly oriental flavor.
Through the city, the Dushanbinka River flows from the North to the South, and the Kafirnigan River — from the East to the West of the city. In the North from the city there is the Varzob canyon with a number of recreation centers.
Dushanbe is an ancient and young city. According to the archeologists it has a millennial history. However, the first written mention of the village of Dushanbe was found at the end of the 1676. The village Dushanbe arose at the crossroads. On Mondays there had being organizing a big Bazaar, which caused the village to be named «Dushanbe» in Tajik – Monday. On 14 July 1922 the city was declared the capital of the Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, which in 1929 was transformed into the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic.
In 1924-1929 the city was officially called Dyushanbe -in Russian. On 16 October 1929 it was renamed Stalinabad in honor of I.S. Stalin. In 1961 the historical name of Dushanbe was returned.
The climate is subtropical intracontinental, a little softened by mountain regulations. Summer is long and hot, dry, and winter is relatively mild and wet.
The average temperature in August is +25,4°
The average maximum is +24,4°C, and the minimum is +17,2°
The national currency of Tajikistan is somoni. One somoni includes 100 dirams. Currency exchange can be made in the airport, in hotels, in most of the banks of Dushanbe or in the currency exchange points which are available in large quantities in all parts of the city. The use of credit cards and traveller’s cheques is possible in international hotels, and in the major shopping centers in Dushanbe.
The current exchange rate: 1 United States dollar (USD) is equal to 6,30 somoni (TJS).
The modern Dushanbe is a garden city with beautiful parks and artificial lakes. In Dushanbe, the Park of Sadriddin Ayni is located on the high and spacious terrace where the mountain river Varzob bursts into the city, foamingly leaving the steep ravines of Varzob canyon. There is S.Ayni’s mausoleum in the center of the Park decorated with colored marble.
The main street of the capital is Rudaki. It stretches for 12 km from the South to the North parallel to the Dushanbinka River. There is the Government House, the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, universities, theatres, museums of the capital, etc. in the Rudaki Street.
Monument of Ismoili Somoni — the founder of the first Tajik state. To the right of it there is a Rudaki Park — the most beautiful and green Park of the city, where you can breathe a fresh mountain air, enjoy the variety of trees or read books in the open air as well exercise or just have a walk with friends.
To the left of the monument there is the National library — the largest library in the Central Asia. The area of the library occupies 45 thousand square meters, the length of the building is 52 meters, and the width is 167 meters. 25 reading halls for 1.5 thousand people function in the library. 10 million of books can be stored in the library fund.
Historical Museum contains exhibits that show the long history of Tajikistan. There are the works of modern artists and sculptors exhibited in the Museum of fine arts as well the graphics and works of masters of applied arts – wood and ganch (gypsum) carvers, chasers on copper and silver.
Plants from almost all countries of the world: subtropical plants as well flora of the Northern regions are presented in the Botanical garden on the territory of several dozens of acres. Animals from all continents dwell in the Dushanbe zoo.
Welcome to Dushanbe – the city of Peace, Friendship and Unity!